Aesthetic surgery of the face
What is aesthetic surgery of the face?
The face is the first thing that people see when they look at us. Every face is different, with its own personality and history. Surgical or medical aesthetic facial procedures are often done to reduce a tired looking face, to brighten up the facial features and to improve people’s self-confidence.
2 components must be considered and addressed:
The structural component
This involves the structure and the facial architecture. With time, the facial structure changes: the face loses its fat, which allows the underlying skeleton to appear, giving it a weary look.
In addition, between gravity and melting fat, the tissues tend to move down, changing the overall facial architecture.
Plastic facial surgery will then reshape the facial architecture:
- Lifting to improve the facial contours
- Lipofilling to correct facial fat loss
- Blepharoplasty to treat dropping eyelids or under eye pockets
- Rhinoplasty to change the shape of the nose
- Otoplasty for ear shaping
The dermal component
This is the skin overlying the facial fat and bone structures. This skin component can only be covered by specific aesthetic medicine. The goal is to improve the skin quality by correcting the skin imperfections and flaws. Injections and resurfacing treatments are used to improve skin quality:
- Hyaluronic acid which fills depressions, wrinkles and lines on the face
- Botulinum toxin for treating wrinkles like frown lines, crow’s feet and forehead wrinkles
- Peels which resurface the skin
- Mesotherapy with poly-vitamins or hyaluronic acid or PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma)
- Collagen laser stimulation
For optimal and natural results, it is necessary to conduct a thorough facial examination to completely analyze all the features and the possible results.
Note that often, aesthetic techniques can be used complementarily in order to assure the best possible results.
The reinjection of autologous fat (lipofilling or lipostructure) consists in filling the volumes using fat taken from the patient during liposuction.
The indications for the face are the same as with hyaluronic acid, but the outcome will be permanent without the need for any further injections. It is also currently well known that fat injections increase the quality of the skin.
Correcting protruding ears is called « otoplasty » and can concern one or both ears.
This procedure is possible from the age of 7 years, as soon as the child expresses the desire to do it; it is thus covered by the French National Health Service.
In adults, it is an aesthetic surgery procedure and is not therefore available on the French National Health Service.
With the effects of aging, two main phenomena mark the face with time: a loss of facial fat tissue, which will lead to the skeletonization of the face, hollowing of the cheeks, temples, and forehead, revealing the sockets (deeper dark circles) and the tear troughs. This loss of fat tissue can be treated with filling, whether lipofilling or with hyaluronic acid.
Rhinoplasty: Nose surgery
A rhinoplasty can be performed to make the nose smaller, but also to correct a bump, the tip of the nose, a deviation, or the entire nasal pyramid.
In some cases, a rhinoplasty can be combined with chin surgery (genioplasty) to improve the entire profile (profiloplasty).